Community Capacity & Resilience Building

Featured Effort: CRGC In-Person Preparedness and Resilience Survey

To meet our objectives to help communities across the Gulf Coast to more effectively understand, withstand, and overcome the multiple stressors brought on by disasters like the DWH oil spill, a recent CRGC project was the in-person survey.

The CRGC in-person survey was a cross-sectional in-person survey carried out by our research team from Tulane University in 2017, led by Dr. Amy Lesen and Dr. Reggie Ferreira. The survey was implemented in the three communities where the Consortium had placed community health workers: the Port Sulphur area in lower Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana; the Galliano area in lower Lafourche Parish, Louisiana; and the Bayou La Batre area in lower Mobile County, Alabama.

These three communities had initially been chosen for the Community Health Worker Program based on four selection criteria: (a) communities defined by geography; (b) the presence of active and effective community- or faith-based organizations operating in the community; (c) pre-existing relationships between project researchers and community organizations, activists and leaders; and (d) characteristics including resource dependent economies, presence of vulnerable populations, and significant negative impacts from Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

The 60-minute in-person survey investigated the role of social networks, risk perception, preparedness measures, individual resilience, and demographics as predictors of preparedness and resilience for future hydrocarbon (oil spill) and other disaster events among households in the Gulf of Mexico.

Between June and November 2017, 21 trained data collectors administered the IRB-approved survey (Tulane Institutional Research Board Study #997431) to 326 individuals across all three sites. The data collectors were all Tulane University graduate students and faculty, except for three data collectors in Alabama who were staff of our community partner organization there and administered the survey in Vietnamese.

The survey instrument was a product of cross-disciplinary collaboration between CRGC researchers and featured questions about participants’ social networks, images participants associate with oil spills, past disaster exposure including disasters caused by both natural and technological hazards, oil spill disaster planning and risk perception based on the Protective Action Decision Model (Lindell and Perry 2004, 2012), perceived oil spill consequences, attitudes about job retraining and relocation for work, resilience attributes based on the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (Connor and Davidson 2003; Campbell-Sills and Stein 2007) and participant demographics.

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Assessing Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Impacts on Families and Children

Principle Investigator Tim Slack (top left) and co-PIs Jaishree Beedasy (top right), Matthew Lee (bottom left), and Thomas Chandler (bottom right) will collect data from spill-affected households to identify which services and support will be most helpful to their recovery. (Photos provided by Tim Slack)GoMRI recently awarded Tim Slack, a member of CRGC’s LSU team, a grant to continue impact assessments of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on families and their children. This research is a follow on from the National Center for Disaster Preparedness’ 2010 survey of households in highly-affected Louisiana areas to track the health and social impacts of the spill as well as the subsequent studies in 2014, which revealed that physical and mental distress resulting from the spill still persisted, with over 15% of respondents reporting no perceived recovery of their household or community.

CRGC Holds All-Hands Meeting In Alabama, Tours Local Businesses in Bayou La Batre

With team members spread across not only the Gulf States region, but also the entire U.S., CRGC recently held an “all-hands” meeting in Alabama to bring together its research staff, students, advisors, and community partners. The group also had the opportunity to tour local businesses in Bayou La Batre, AL.

CRGC Appoints Alabama Stakeholder Advisory Committee

SACA new stakeholder advisory committee will provide CRGC researchers with diverse perspectives on the environmental, public health, social, economic, legal, and cultural landscapes of Bayou La Batre, AL, and will provide feedback and make recommendations about the existing and planned activities of the CRGC.

Consortium Members Meet Community Leaders in Bayou La Batre, AL

Bayou La BatreAs part of the effort to build capacity for community action planning and resilience building, CRGC members from RAND Corporation and the University of South Alabama’s Coastal Resource & Resiliency Center met in Bayou La Batre—a community on the Alabama coast that is a large seafood producer for the Gulf region.

Lead

Amy Lesen, Ph.D.

Research Associate Professor

Tulane ByWater Institute

Amy Lesen

Amy E. Lesen is Research Associate Professor at the Tulane ByWater Institute at Tulane University in New Orleans. Lesen works on the coast and in urban estuaries.

Co-Lead

Reggie Ferreira

Assistant Professor

Tulane University, School of Social Work

Reggie Ferreira is an assistant professor in the School of Social Work at Tulane University. His research interests are in the areas of resilience, social vulnerability and intimate partner violence within a post disaster context. Current projects include social workforce capacity development, post disaster recovery and resilience within the context of disaster.