Assessing the Health, Social, and Economic Wellbeing of Gulf Coastal CommunitiesThe Health subteam began its work by conducting a systematic review of published health effects of oil spills and created a dynamic, searchable database of relevant literature. The database provides a clearinghouse for practitioners and researchers searching for relevant papers and reports on oil spill-health impacts. Of the 75 papers reviewed, 38 were published during or after 2010 and related to the DWH oil spill. To learn more, view CRGC’s Overview of the Health Literature Search and Database. To download the searchable database, please visit CRGC’s Resources Page.
What Were Our Findings?
- Medium and Long-Term Effects Need Analysis: Research teams, collecting data less than a year after the DWH oil spill, published in 21 papers. Many of these studies find initial health and social well-being issues emerging after the oil spill, but continued efforts are needed to determine the medium and long-term effects.
- Multi-Organizational and Interdisciplinary Approaches are Valued: Many papers indicate that they are part of larger research efforts, which include multiple research institutions and disciplinary perspectives.
- Vulnerable Populations are Diverse: Researchers have focused on vulnerable populations, including the Vietnamese fishing population, residents seeking mental health treatment, renewable resource communities, women, and children.
- Knowledge Gaps Still Remain: Since the 2010 DWH oil spill, researchers have addressed recommendations in diverse ways, but some gaps still remain. We identified opportunities for research to inform the development of the Survey of Trauma, Resilience, and Opportunity of Neighborhoods in the Gulf (STRONG).
What is the Current Mental Health and Social Wellbeing of Gulf Coastal Residents?We administered the STRONG questionnaire to 2,520 respondents via a random digit dial landline and cell phone survey (April-August, 2016) in the 56 coastal counties and parishes in Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. The questionnaire included measures of:
- Health: Physical, Mental, and Behavioral Health; Trauma History; Healthcare Utilization
- Exposure to the DWH Oil Spill: Clean-Up Activities; Damaged Property; Damaged Commercial Fisheries; Impact to Recreational Activities and/or Diet; Employment in Affected Industries
- Networked Adaptive Capacities: Social Capital; Community Competence; Information and Communication; Economic Development
Does Wellbeing Vary with Reported Exposure or Impact by County/Parish?
What are our Next Steps?Data have been cleaned, post-stratification weights have been created to ensure results are representative of the region, and variables with missing values have been imputed. Analyses are currently underway for multiple peer-reviewed papers on:
- Predictors of mental and behavioral health outcomes, with state-specific estimates.
- Worry about ongoing impacts as a function of recalled exposure and past victimization.
- Communication source preferences and trust in media.
- Impacts of the composition and structure of social networks on resilience.
CRGC Team Member, Amy Lessen, Part of Collaborative to Help Isle de Jean Charles Tribe Build Resilience in the Face of Climate Change and Other Social & Environmental Challenges
CRGC team member, Amy Lessen, a research associate professor with the ByWater Institute at Tulane University, is working on a collaborative, transdisciplinary effort to help the Isle de Jean Charles tribal community of southeastern Louisiana build resilience in the face of climate change and other social and environmental challenges. Read full story »
GoMRI features CRGC grad student, Vanessa Parks, and her work compiling and analyzing data on Gulf Coast communities that explores how the Deepwater Horizon oil spill affected mental and physical health as well as how social factors contributed to post-disaster health outcomes. Learn more »
CRGC researchers working on assessing and addressing the economic impacts of the oil spill developed a new resource to assist business owners and employers, researchers, community members, and other stakeholders in locating information on the fisheries and tourism sectors, and on oil spill claims, from a wide variety of potential sources. Check out the Database and User Guide on CRGC’s new Resources page!
CRGC is pleased to announce the launch of its new and improved Resources page, now live on the Consortium’s website. CRGC offers an exciting range of resources tailored for academics, community leaders, fishing/seafood industry stakeholders, healthcare providers, and policymakers that span across an array topic areas.
Check out the latest edition of GoMRI’s eNews, which keeps researchers, students, community members, and other stakeholders working in the field current on emerging Gulf science and the people investigating the effects of oil spills on the environment and public health. This edition of eNews features, CRGC’s Student Spotlight of Nicholas Thomas, in the Project Activities section! Learn more »
Fellows Participate in 2nd Module of “Planning For Resilient Gulf Communities” Executive Leadership Training
Inaugural cohort of Southeastern Louisiana Disaster Resilience Leadership Fellows participate in second module of “Planning for Resilient Communities” Executive Leadership Training.
Alyssa Wood and Keagan Smith, from the University of South Alabama showcase their poster presentation at the 2017 Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill & Ecosystem Science Conference, which took place February 6-9 in New Orleans, LA.
CRGC Researchers Discuss Human Dimensions and Activity of Oil Spill Response at 2017 Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill & Ecosystem Science Conference
Eight CRGC researchers present during day-long session surrounding human dimensions of the DWH oil spill and interdisciplinary communications and community resilience from a social ecological and systems approach at the 2017 Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill & Ecosystem Science Conference.
Shipbuilders in AL and LA Expand Operations to Deliver New Fleet of Passenger Ferries for New York City
Horizon Shipbuilders, based out of Bayou La Batre, AL, and Metal Shark, a boatbuilder located in Franklin, LA, are rapidly working to build boats for an ambitious citywide ferry service that New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio has pledged to begin next summer. Horizon and Metal Shark are working on a tight schedule to build the 19 vessels needed for Mayor de Blasio’s $325-million citywide ferry service, timed to begin as he seeks re-election for office next November. This new ferry service would be the most extensive of its kind in any American city.